Home

Gallery

GA

SLN

Fieldwork

Langham

Links

 

The Geography Department

 

 

 

 

 

Happisburgh 2004 

 

North Norfolk and Happisburgh Index

 

www.happisburgh.org.uk

 

Photos taken on  16 May 2004

 

 

The cliff-top situation - going southwards

 

 

The Cliff Top Road has been substantially lost, its buildings abandoned and demolished and, by the looks of it, used to dispose of some topsoil.

800-05160001.JPG  144KB

 

 

 

600-05160002.JPG  135KB

 

800-05160003.JPG  157KB

 

The state of the beach defences continue to deteriorate. the revetments fragment further and the line of rip rap is simply inadequate; it appears to be sinking into the sand! Further cliff retreat is in evidence everywhere, and is usually sand-led, slumping over the basement clays.

600-05160005.JPG  124KB

 

 

 

800-05160004.JPG  156KB

 

600-05160006.JPG  201KB

 

The Cliff Top Road again, now minus housing, or any sign of life, except next to the car park.

800-05160007.JPG  86KB

800-05160008.JPG  91KB

 

 

 

 

800-05160009.JPG  102KB

 

Views of the beach from above; a whole section of revetment has been removed by the sea an flung against the cliff, still relatively intact.

800-05160011.JPG  100KB

600-05160010.JPG  157KB

 

 

 

 

800-05160012.JPG  122KB

 

Three views from the shrinking area of land seaward of the terraced houses. the centre shot is for future reference, whilst that on the right will not be repeatable for many days.

800-05160013.JPG  152

800-05160015.JPG  664KB

 

 

 

 

800-05160014.JPG  88KB

 

The views of housing to the north from the promontory next to the last-but-one bungalow.

800-05160080.JPG

800-05160081.JPG  75KB

 

 

 

 

800-05160087.JPG  113KB

These shots hopefully put the present situation into its context by including the lighthouse and the terraced houses.

800-05160083.JPG  120KB

 

 

 

 

 

800-05160022.JPG  111KB

 

The end of the road (centre) and the attempt to prevent the sea from outflanking the row of bungalows and houses.

800-05160018.JPG  180KB

600-05160017.JPG  204KB

 

 

 

800-05160020.JPG  130KB

 

The footpath has been eroded north and south of this spur.

 

The cliffs still show dampness after wet weather - sand over a clay bench.

 

A cliff fall, composed of both overlying sand and the clay base.

600-05160024.JPG  151KB

600-05160025.JPG  106KB

 

 

 

600-05160023.JPG  202KB

Deep shelves have been formed where high tides and storm waves have overtopped the clay layers, stripping away the sands ... and arable soil.

800-05160075.JPG  108KB

 

 

 

 

800-05160077.JPG  113KB

 

More of the cliffs of the new bay to the south of Happisburgh. recent falls are marked by the remaining, overhanging, vegetation.

800-05160072.JPG  102KB

 

 

 

600-05160073.JPG  150KB

 

800-05160074.JPG  123KB

 

To the beach

   

 

Walking back to the beach access a last look at the southern end of the defences (left), the abandoned entrance to the beach ramp (centre) and on the right the RNLI building, camping field  and manor.

800-05160027.JPG  160KB

800-05160028.JPG  143KB

 

 

 

800-05160029.JPG  124KB

 

The beach ramp has collapsed where the cliff underneath it has been undermined. It will be interesting to see how long the new access stairs will last before needing to be re-sited!

600-05160030.JPG  140KB

800-05160031.JPG  168KB

 

 

 

600-05160032.JPG  113KB

 

The seaward en of the beach ramp is largely undamaged.

 

Caravans in the field next to the beach stairs, with the church behind.

 

Looking northwards from the new steps. Here the revetments have not failed, although some unrepaired damage is visible.

800-05160033.JPG  148KB

800-05160035.JPG  81KB

 

 

 

800-05160036.JPG  108KB

 

North along the beach towards Ostend

 

 

 

The revetments north of Happisburgh have not stopped erosion of the cliffs, but will have slowed their retreat. Damaged revetments will probably mean the whole defence line will be compromised and fail at an accelerating rate.

600-05160038.JPG  101KB

800-05160037.JPG  115KB

 

 

 

600-05160040.JPG  113KB

 

Where the revetments are essentially no more the waves will erode the cliffs with undiminished force, undermining a wartime pillbox *(centre) and bringing down cliffs fall (right) as well.

800-05160041.JPG  103KB

600-05160045.JPG  175KB

 

 

 

800-05160042.JPG  121KB

 

South along the beach towards Cart Gap

 

 

 

Three views of the beach ramp from the beach. Large shattered lumps of concrete abound, including recurved sea wall sections.

800-05160047.JPG  151KB

600-05160046.JPG  148KB

 

 

 

800-05160049.JPG  149KB

 

Three views of the tangle of debris on the beach; well-heads, revetments, steel sheet-piling and dumped topsoil.

600-05160051.JPG  142KB

800-05160050.JPG  109KB

 

 

 

600-05160052.JPG  128KB

 

Some parts of the beach have become littered with concrete debris, as well as steel scaffolding poles ... but in-between a fine beach is available at low water!

800-05160053.JPG  138KB

800-05160054.JPG  94KB

 

 

 

800-05160055.JPG  116KB

 

Two shots of 'Scaffolding Corner', and one of a fall in the clay layer. The proximity of the houses is striking.

800-05160056.JPG  141KB

600-05160058.jpg  151KB

 

 

 

800-05160057.JPG  159KB

 

Three views of the clay benches, the most visible indicator of the differential erosion rates between sand and clay.

800-05160060.JPG  96KB

600-05160061.JPG  144KB

 

 

 

800-05160062.JPG  103KB

 

The sand is fine-textured and easily winnowed by the wind.

 

A wide beach is evident at low tide.

 

Cliff-top vegetation will not live long on sands slumped here .. so all of this is recent.

600-05160064.JPG  146KB

800-05160066.JPG  57KB

 

 

 

600-05160065.JPG  123KB

 

The steel piling remains intact, but the concrete blanket has collapsed as its base has been removed by erosion.

 

The outflanking of the Cart Gap defences from above.

 

The end of the line - Cart Gap towards Happisburgh.

800-05160067.JPG  129KB

600-05160070.JPG  108KN

 

 

 

800-05160068.JPG  82KB

From Cart Gap towards Happisburgh

800-05160069.JPG  58KB

 

 

 

 
Norfolk Happisburgh Beach Road coast erosion gullying defences neglect revetments rip rap groynes beaches lighthouse sea walls lifeboat station access leisure beach cusps mobile flows weathering mass movement

 

North Norfolk and Happisburgh Index

 

Gallery

Home